Dialectic method, it considered, first of all, as antidote against a subjective method of the knowledge imposing to reality the conclusions which are not got from objective reality.
Chernyshevsky criticizes philosophers who looked not for truth, but a justification of the belief. Thereby he criticizes "subjectivity" in thinking. And he repeatedly repeats thought that "the abstract truth is not present; the truth is concrete". He fights against abstract science for life science, against fruitless scholastic philosophizings.
Chernyshevsky emphasized a duality of gegelevsky philosophy, seeing in it one of its major defects, noted a contradiction between its strong principles and narrow conclusions. Speaking about the genius Hegel's kolossalnost, calling him the great thinker, Chernyshevsky criticizes it, specifying that the truth at Hegel acts in the most general, abstract, uncertain outlines. But Chernyshevsky recognizes for Hegel a merit in search of truth - the Supreme purpose of thinking. What truth would not be, it is best of all that is not true. The thinker's debt - not to recede before any results of the opening. The truth should endow resolutely everything; it - a source of all benefits as delusion - a source of "any paguba". And Chernyshevsky points to a great philosophical merit of Hegel - his dialectic method, "amazingly strong dialectics".
The enemy of any duality, any dualism in philosophy, Chernyshevsky apprehended and developed materialistic idea of unity of a human body. In the program article "The Anthropological Principle in Philosophy" (186 it depicted the main philosophical
Let's put, we see a tree. Other person looks at the same subject. Having looked in eyes to it "to another a forehead - to an eyelid" we will see that in eyes at it that tree is represented absolutely such what we see it. Two pictures absolutely identical: we see one directly, another – in a mirror of eyes of that, other person. This other picture – the right copy of the first. Differences between two pictures are not present. An eye adds nothing and does not diminish. But, perhaps, ours "the internal feeling" or our "soul" remakes something in that, other picture? Let that, other person, describe that he sees. It appears, A=V; V=S. Therefore A=S, the original and the copy are identical. Our feeling is identical with the copy. Our knowledge of our feeling – same with our rank about a subject. We see subjects with what they really exist. And Chernyshevsky assimilates the idealists adhering to the point of view of not cognoscibility human thinking of subjects and phenomena, to the man from the fairy tale who is diligent cutting a bough on which he sits.
Very brightly materialistic philosophy of Chernyshevsky is expressed by the "anthropological principle" to which he adhered. Chernyshevsky considered that the highest subject of philosophy is the person and the nature, and the philosophy called "anthropological".
Chernyshevsky was the consecutive materialist. The most important elements of his philosophical outlook - fight against idealism, for recognition of materiality of the world, primacy of the nature and recognition of human thinking reflection objective, reality, "the anthropological principle in philosophy", fight against agnosticism, for recognition of cognoscibility of subjects and phenomena.
Great and special interest in philosophy arose at the young man Chernyshevsky on a university bench though at the university the philosophy was disgraced, persecuted science. Let's remember that Chernyshevsky wanted to write the master's thesis about philosophical system of Leibniz, but could not write it as for philosophy then there was "time inconvenient".